How to Apply for Indemnity Coverage

Indemnity coverage for UK doctors

Indemnity coverage?

I don’t need that! I’m a safe doctor and I always make sure I double check everything before I send my patient home.

Be that as it may, indemnity insurance is your extra coverage to protect you in case of clinical negligence claims. Yes, your Trust will have provided you with coverage, but this coverage is more about keeping the hospital happy and safe than it is about ensuring your well-being. That being said, this coverage also only takes into account claims from contracted NHS duties. So let’s first list out what IS NOT covered by your hospital’s indemnity:

  • defense of medical staff in GMC disciplinary proceedings for stopping at a roadside accident, and other good Samaritan acts not listed in your contract
  • clinical trials not covered under legislation
  • work for any outside agency on a contractual basis
  • work for voluntary or charitable bodies
  • work overseas

So at the end of the day, it’s is better to be safe than sorry, and by keeping an extra coverage over your work, you are ensuring your security.

Why do I need indemnity?

hammer of law

Good medical practice requires doctors to have insurance or indemnity in place where necessary.

GMC has regulatory powers to check whether doctors have adequate and appropriate insurance or indemnity.

They can:

  • check that any doctor practicing in the UK has adequate and appropriate insurance or indemnity cover
  • remove a doctor’s licence to stop them from practicing altogether, if they learn that they don’t have adequate and appropriate insurance or indemnity or if they fail to give us the information asked for
  • refuse to grant a licence to a doctor if they can’t assure them that they’ll have the adequate and appropriate insurance or indemnity in place by the time they start practicing in the UK.

A doctor must have adequate and appropriate insurance or indemnity in place when they start to practice medicine in the UK. Under the law, a doctor must have cover against liabilities that may be incurred in practicing medicine having regard to the nature and extent of the risks. The type and level of insurance or indemnity a doctor requires depends on factors including where a doctor works, whether they are employed (and, if so by whom and for what services) or self-employed, and the nature of work they do.

Is Insurance different to Indemnity?

  • Indemnity works on the basis that the claim is covered as long as the cover was in place when the incident occurred, rather than when the claim is made.
  • Insurance is like your car insurance – you are only covered whilst the policy is in place and/or for a defined period after, called “run off”.
  • Any insurance arrangement needs to ensure cover is provided for any incidents, no matter how long after the incident the claim arises.
  • The run off period is insufficient in most insurance policies. There can often be a delay in a claim arising particularly in some cases involving children where it can be 10-20 years.
  • The three major Medical Defence Organisations (MDOs) provide indemnity cover and not insurance.
  • Insurance companies may limit the level of cover or have certain exclusions.
  • The three key questions to ask about insurance apart from ensuring the cover is adequate are:
    • Will it cover me for criminal investigations?
    • Will it cover me for GMC investigations?
    • How long is the run off period?

So, it’s better to sign up for indemnity, not insurance.

What should be covered by indemnity?

  • Medical Negligence Claims.
  • Criminal and GMC investigations.

How to apply for Indemnity coverage?

Firstly you must decide who to apply with. The organizations most of us tend to go for are as follows:

It’s best to obtain quotes from each, and see which company provides you with the coverage you need for the fee you’re willing to pay.  Ensure you complete the applications keeping in mind what your role in the hospital is and your title as well, so that you can get the most accurate quote.

So the steps on how to obtain indemnity coverage are as follows:

  1. Decide on an indemnity organization

    Contact several organizations, through their website in order to obtain a quote.

  2. Provide accurate information in the application

    Make sure you give your correct role in the hospital, as well as provide the correct information for all of the questions asked.

  3. Apply 

    Select an organization that works best for you, be it on cost, or the level of coverage you hope to receive. In general, all tend to work in the same way, but personal preferences and first-hand reviews should always take precedence to cost.

  4. Setting up payment

    Submit your application and set up a payment system. Direct debit tends to be the easiest.

  5. Update as needed

    Make sure to update your insurance coverage and profile information as your career progresses and your job changes.

When should I review my indemnity arrangements?

You should do this at regular intervals and whenever your scope of practice, private practice income or employment or contractual arrangements, change.

The terms of your insurance or the scope of your indemnity protection may require you to tell your provider if certain things happen, such as sanctions being imposed on your registration, or if you join the Specialist Register.


So remember that indemnity is for your safety as well as the safety of your patients. It is something you will want to have but hopefully never use!

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