The CREST Form : All you need to know as an IMG

You may have heard of the certificate of readiness to enter specialty training (CREST), which is required to enter CT1/ST1 training in all specialties. It is also known as certificate of alternative certificate of foundation competences. Getting it signed it an important part of progression into training.

Please note, CREST form is ONLY required if you have not completed UKFPO foundation program or an FY2 standalone post. In those cases, you will be awarded an FPCC (foundation program completion certificate) which is the proof of your foundation competencies.

What are the ‘Foundation Competencies’?


1. the ability to do something successfully or efficiently.
“This course will improve the competence of doctors”

From the beginning of pre-school to our final exam in medical school, more often than not, our ability to successfully complete a stage had been dependent on exams and assessments. For example, a student of a medical school has a curriculum (set by the authority who runs medical education in that country) and following that, a syllabus is made by the teachers involved who imparts the necessary education for that student to pass the relevant exams.

In plain words, ‘foundation competencies’ is a curriculum developed for foundation doctors in the UK (interns/house officers) to achieve during and by the end of their training. So, how can these competencies be assessed if a doctor has not undertaken an official UK foundation training? This is where the CREST form comes into play.

Check official UKFPO website for the foundation program curriculum.

Who needs CREST form?

Let’s run you through a few questions:

  1. Are you going to join UKFPO Foundation training for 2 years OR join a one year FY2 Standalone post?
    • If yes, then you do not need to think about CREST form at all. You will be awarded FPCC at the end of that training.
  2. Are you going to start in the NHS in a non-training post (trust grade/clinical fellow)?
    • If yes, then for that post you don’t need a CREST form signed.
  3. Are you planning to apply for any CT1/ST1 level training post and do not have an FPCC (foundation program completion certificate)?
    • If yes, then you NEED to have a CREST form signed (preferably before the training application period).

So, the third point, applying for a training post, can come-

  • after working in the UK for some time or
  • even directly from outside the UK if you are otherwise eligible.

From personal experience, we do not recommend applying for a training post without having any NHS work experience. Training is a big commitment in your career and we think you should make that choice after you know more about the NHS healthcare system, working environment, and life in the UK.

What are the requirements to get a CREST form signed?

The CREST form is nothing but a list of competencies. So, obviously you have to have evidences or convince your signatory that you have those competencies. That is the first thing – your signing consultant knowing that you are capable of doing all those things mentioned in the form. The other technicalities can be found in the following checklist.

Checklist for CREST


Find the CREST Checklist here as a pdf.

If all the clauses mentioned in this checklist are confirmed/completed, then your CREST form is eligible to submit for your training application.

Who can sign my CREST form?

The individual signing your CREST form (or the signatory) needs to be registered with any medical regulatory board. If it is not with GMC, they must submit current evidence of their registration with that board. If it is not in English, a certified translated copy must accompany it.

This signatory must be a consultant who has worked with you for AT LEAST 3 continuous months in that last 3.5 years. They must also currently be on a specialist register. If you’ve worked in the UK in the last 3.5 years for 3 or more months in an acute post, you should have CREST form completed by a UK consultant rather than an overseas consultant.

Please also note that contact details from the individual signing your CREST will be required. This should be an institutional email address and not a personal one (ex: Gmail, Yahoo). The hospital stamp which is used to certify the signatory should also include the details of the hospital, and not just their name and job title.

How can I achieve these CREST form competencies?

As we mentioned already, if your target is to join any speciality training program in the UK, the best thing you can do is to NOT join without NHS work experience. Start your NHS career in a non-training post (where you will get paid the same) and gain experience as well as enrich your portfolio (CV) for the application of your desired training.

Now, if your desired training is at CT1/ST1 level and you have not completed UKFPO foundation program (which is the case for many IMGs) – you will have get this CREST form signed. How can you do that?

Let’s look at the CREST form

If you look at the the CREST form here, each competency in the four sections have three columns:

  • Personally Witnessed
  • Evidence Received
  • Unable to Confirm

Be very clear with your consultant who will be signing it that, if they are unable to confirm any competency, they must tell you before ticking it as that makes the whole form ineligible to submit for your training application. You may have some evidence or reference they can take into account and mention that in the form if they have not personally witnessed any of your competencies.

Unable to confirm is any of the competencies in the whole CREST form makes the form ineligible.

Take CREST & Portfolio course on RoadToUK Academy

Our advice is to go through this FREE COURSE that we made based on our experience of getting a CREST form signed. It covers all the topics related to giving you an introduction as to how you can achieve each of the competencies.

Tap the photo for FREE CREST & Portfolio Course. You can also find it in RoadToUK Academy!

In this course we have already covered the following things:

  • How to find the latest CREST form on the internet and guidance
  • An introduction to Supervised Learning Events (SLEs) and Workplace Based Assessments (WPBAs) through which you can collect evidence of multiple competencies.
  • How to get it and navigating through Horus e-portfolio, which is the same e-portfolio used by the foundation training doctors.
  • Exploring different e-Learning websites to provide you with evidence of your knowledge on a specific competency.
  • How to become a clinical teacher and find opportunities of teaching
  • Participating in a QIP is now mandatory in CREST 2021. We have also discussed how you can perform clinical audits and QIPS.

Maybe we are a bit partial, but the amount of guidance this CREST & Portfolio course provides for starter international graduates is invaluable and that is why we made it free!

How long does it take to get the CREST form signed?

Officially the minimum you have to work is for 3 months. But, truth be told, it may not be possible to convince your consultant of your capability to that extent within just three months of working. So, let’s be realistic and set a practical time frame.

If you adhere to updating your e-portfolio regularly and work in a fairly independent specialty like acute medicine or emergency medicine or have medical on-call shifts, it shouldn’t take you more than 1 year to a gain the competencies as outlined by the CREST form. Also take into account that you will have to complete e-learning modules, attend teachings and training courses (like ALS), and participate in audits and QIPs.

Please remember, this is all highly dependent on your communication with your supervising consultant. If they do not know that you are aiming for CREST form, they will not just observe you closely for fun. It is YOUR responsibility (as you are not in a training post) to make them aware what you want to achieve and plan your progression with them.

Frequently Asked Questions

How long CREST is valid?

The form itself doesn’t have validity unless there is a new version available. The work period for which the CREST is getting signed has to be within 3.5 years from the start date of the training you are applying for. For example, if you are applying to join training which will start in August 2025, you can not get the CREST form signed referencing any work that you did before March 2022.

Can I get it signed by non-UK consultants?

Yes. If the consultant is happy that you have met all the competencies mentioned in the form (either personally witnessed or evidence received) then yes they can sign the form. But you will have to add their registration document (translated in English if not) along with it.

That is all our guidance about the certificate of readiness to enter speciality training (CREST) form. If you have any questions ask in the comments below, we are always happy to help! Good luck 🙂